Introduction to ICCIG 3...Monday 19th January

 Monday 19th January

RJMCEI Auditorium  9am – 11am

Introduction to ICCIG 3

Welcome Note:           Anil Gupta, Founder, Honey Bee Network
                                    Elaben Bhatt, Founder, Self Employed Women's Association (SEWA)
                                    Raghunath A. Mashelkar,       Chairperson, National Innovation                                                                                          Foundation-India (NIF-India)
Vote of Thanks:          Vipin Kumar, Director, National Innovation Foundation-India
Professor Gupta’s Opening Address
Professor Gupta welcomed delegates from 27 countries and urged the use of the conference to forge partnerships in addition to the value of sharing knowledge and learning from each other.

One of the goals of the conference is to define the boundary of the concept of frugal innovations— is it about affordability or more than that.  Let us not use jargon unthinkingly.  Frugality has to be in terms of its compatibility with the interests of current and future generations.There is a paradox of outstanding achievements in science and technology despite basic needs and dignity not being provided for.The concerns of working class are not addressed by those who run the system. There is a need for a paradigmatic shift in management science and vision - to reach the unreached.

He spoke of the need for careful use terminologies relating to the economically poor but knowledge rich sector of our economy and to avoid the terms ‘bottom of the pyramid’ and ‘jugaad’.   If we refer to the resource poor - does that mean knowledge is not a resource or that people lack even knowledge.  Are poor people at the bottom of all pyramids - ethical ,knowledge, innovation.  Jugaad is a shortcut, a temporary solution that will not let society progress systematically - longer term achievements need more than cutting corners.

He spoke of the need for empathy which is a driver of innovation at the grassroots, of a collaborative approach, and the importance of reciprocity – the sharing of the benefits of the knowledge, technology and rewards with the innovators, and to raise the self-esteem of those providing the information.  Intellectual property rights are on a P2P basis not P2Firm.

He pointed out the value of children’s perception of problems and the innovative solutions they are capable to producing.

Open access databases will lead to democratization of the knowledge space, the hope is that India will become largest provider of open source innovations.  A democratic space is needed for the evolution of ideas. How will society use an idea?Users, observers, a supply chain through which it moves.

Dr Mashelkar and SmtElaben Bhatt spoke of their perceptions on the importance of grassroots innovations.  Both emphasized the importance of protecting natural resources.  SmtElaben urged that sustainability can only be achieved is nature is put at the centre of innovation.

Grassroots innovators – their accomplishments

Farmer: AmrutbhaiAgrawat from Junagadh, Suarashtra, Gujarat

Brothers and sisters, I welcome and greet you
I have worked on agricultural implements and designed 15.
It has been difficult and enjoyable. Delays and costs. Hastraveled to South Africa and France.
I came in touch with HBN, SRISTI - I joined - Rakesh Basant helped me and I have really appreciated it.
Who will sambhal someone working in a small village - but thanks to sanstha - my ideas and innovations have developed and diffused across different countries.
I regret that I did not really get help from the government.
I setup shodhsankals (innovation chains) learned from different  innovators, developed my own ideas.  Worked across Saurashtra - established 18 shod panchayats (village level council of innovators). Missed only one shod yatra (33/34). Applause. I have got other innovators in touch with the institution. SRISTI, GIAN, NIF, HBN - I am happy that they have brought up 1000s of innovators. I am very happy about that.

Cultural creativity: MotibhaiNayak a retired school teacher.

Greetings all! I have worked in education. Particularly for female education.
Thanks to NIF, SRISTI and HBN my work has been covered by international media.
I have used songs to educate (girls and on agri issues presumably)
Bhavai - folk culture to bring education to girls - from 1975
Created new songs to celebrate the birth of girls
In 1992 came in contact with HBN.
Have composed songs for conservations of agro biodiversity.
Not important to live for our own wellbeing - need to be kind to other living forms.
Uses puppets to raise consciousness.
Adivasi (tribal) culture - their languages have also been used
I use culture/cultural traditions for education
Thanks the institution

Educator: Rakesh Patel , Panchmahal district, Gujarat

Mastikipaathshala - the joyful/fun school - What happens in schools that keeps students and teachers bound?  Why study if I enjoy playing? Started doing away with rules. Took longer than I am speaking.  Some complained - that students were not respectful.. sitting in the teacher’s chair.  I changed how we greet each other - made it less formal.
Learning from farmers, herders we would put such ideas on blogs and received a comment asking for stories
Till 2010 blogging was not regular. Then I started an email newsletter - Bioscope
2000 subscribers today.. Some just say, good! Others give more detailed feedback.
A Gujarati from France asked me to paint the pillars. All thanks to the email newsletter.

Today we blog, are on FB. We get a ton of demands. Suggestions for books. Feels like the entire world is concerned for our school. Used social media to empower children in a small school in a village.

This journey has not ended. Yet. We need citizens/children who are aware of their rights and can claim them. They should have a voice. We were a small village. Others decided on our behalf. I wanted this to end. The voices are stronger. The talathi (district revenue administrator) listens to us. I wanted my children to know that I (the teacher) exist because of them. The subjects/topics are not important. It’s the children who matter. Subject are for children. Not vice-versa.

Freedom is necessary to assert rights.

Farmer : Genabhai Patel
I farm in a village 150 km away. Farming is difficult/tough. Wheat, finger millets, sorghum was what we grew on our sandy soil/dry land. Depended on local money lenders to loans at exorbitant interest rates. I started a dairy. 3.6 million litres of milk produced each year (not sure). You fight nature to earn a living as a farmer. I organized farmers in my village. I am physically handicapped but drive my own car and tractor. I work on the land myself. My brother and family help me today. But I started alone. I planted pomegranate. People said I am handicapped so my crop will not grow/be stunted. 100,000 rupees ($2000) is a big amount for a farmer. I borrowed 4000 and earned INR 1.16 crores (1 crore = 10 million). We sell thousands of tons of pomegranate today. I have sold from INR 3 /kg to 116/kg. I grow and sell across the nation. Some farmers were to sell their land.. Each of them earns INR 20 lakhs (2 million) a year for the last 7 years. We have 50-60 cars in our village. This year has been harder because of the cold. But things are still looking good. I hold a meeting in each village every year. I speak at colleges focusing on mentoring the children of farmers. I tell everyone: I have an apple, you have an apple. If we exchange them we still have only 1 apple each. But if we share an idea each, we both have two ideas. Across the world, success is the one thing that can be attained only through failure/struggle. We only gain by being humble. Just like a bucket is filled with water when it is lowered in a well. Shares texts and invites people to learn from here. Not feeling afraid to share. Solidarity economics.

I have received 8 awards from the government, from Narendra Modi. Other governments have also honoured me.
RJMCEI Auditorium  11.30  – 13.00

Plenary Session on Inclusive Design
Chair:              Raghunath A. Mashelkar
                        Chairperson, National Innovation Foundation-India (NIF-India)
Co-Chair:        Anil Gupta, Founder, Honey Bee Network

Amos G Winter           Faculty, Dept. of Mechanical Engg., MIT, USA
Shashi Buluswar         Executive Director, Institute for Globally Transformative Technology,                                 Lawrence Berkeley National Lab,Berkeley, USA
Aguinaldo dos Santos Head of the Design & Sustainability Research Center, Federal                                            University of Parana, Brazil
Li Weian                      President, Tianjin University of Finance and Economics (TUFE), China
RenuSwarup               Sr. Adviser/Scientist ”H”, Dept.of Biotechnology, Ministry of Science                                  and Technology, Govt. of India

Dr Amos Winter
How affordable excellence can be achieved by adopting disruptive solutions that produce high quality, low cost solutions is the focus of his work at MIT.  He provided case studies of production of clean, desalinated water, prosthetic limbs and a robust, low cost wheelchair.

Dr Sashi Buluswar
The identification of critical technology breakthroughs that are required for sustainable development in India was discussed.  Six were highlighted: water desalination, TB diagnostic equipment, ‘clinic in a box’ healthcare delivery of maternal and baby care, suitable materials for homes in slums that include a toilet, sustainable agricultural systems such as precision irrigation, and a human rights related innovation of a point of use DNA based rape kit.

Dr Aguinaldo dos Santos
Dr Santos identified three main issues: a) the legacy of poverty as a basis for innovation which provides an improvisation capability.  This includes the problem of how to scale up design to support low income communities, and he spoke of the initiative; b) the importance of product-service systems to reduce environmental impact; and c) the need to change consumption habits –  design for sustainable behaviour.

Professor Li Weian
Tianjin University students are accelerating the incubation of grassroots innovations by providing technological, marketing and business model support which in turn attracts support from venture capitalists. The innovator gains these professional inputs and the students gain experiences which enhance their employability on graduation.
Professor Li provided examples of four grassroots innovators.

As CEO of Biotechnology Industry Research Assistance Council (BIRAC), Dr Swarup described its function to empower and enable innovations in the biotechnology sector by being a catalyser and a connector, in particular in forging academic/industry partnerships.  She mentioned that SPARSH had been launched to focus on the development of biotechnology innovations and solutions for maternal and child health. BIRAC will also be partneringwith GYTI

Parallel Sessions  14.00  – 15.30

Session 1        Audi-2, KLMDC          14.00 – 15.30
Gandhian Young Technology Innovation (GYTI) & Beyond: Linking Academics, Enterprise and Investors

Chair:              Shailendra Mehta*      Vice Chancellor. Ahmedabad University
Co-Chair:                    Rajnish Shrivastava    Director, NIT Hamirpur
Discussant:     Sunil Parekh               Board Member, NDBI-NID & CIIE-IIM-Ahmedabad
                        Calvin Kebati               Student Innovation & Industry Liaison Lead, JKUAT,                                                           Kenya

Missing links for fostering student ventures based on academic student innovations after recognition: insights from GYTI Awards by Team Techpedia at SRISTI and GYTI team 2012, 2013 and 2014, HiranmayMahanta, Nisarg Mehta, Adhish Patel, Chetanpatel, Ishan Patel, Tadrsah Shah , Pathik Sharma , Jainil Bhatt , Honey Bee Network Volunteers

On the Twitter Feed

Arul George Scaria‏@arulscariaAhmadabad City, Gujarat  

Amazing to hear and learn frm the young #GYTI award winners. Thght provoking quesfrmProf.Shailendra Mehta #ICCIG3

Session 2        Class Room-1, KLMDC          14.00 – 15.30
Bio-diversity, Value Addition andLocal Knowledge (BDV)

Chair:              Kartikeya Sarabhai     Director, CEE-Ahmedabad
Co-Chair:        S. Ragupathy              Chief Curator, BIO Herbarium, Biodiversity Institute of                                                        Ontario, University of Guelph, Canada

Biodiversity, Value addition and local knowledge (19/01/2015, KLMDC Auditorium II)
There were seven presentations in the session.

The first involved the assessment of people’s local knowledge by Nikita Kala from AlmoraUttrakhand. The formula (Rajeev et al 1995) used to assess the knowledge by giving a set of questionnaires was discussed. The survey was of around 50 household where it was found that 44 % of the population is using medicinal plant from out of which 20 % is growing the medicinal plant in garden for use. 17% of the uses surveyed was for primary health care. It was a good case study for assessing the conservation of plant for MPCA (core zone from where collection of medicinal plant is not allowed and MPDA (buffer zone from where the collection of medicinal plant is allowed by following the NBA guide lines).

Dr. S Raghupathi has suggested to use recent formula published in 2005 for the conservation analysis.

The presentation by Prabir Kumar Panda and AnaljyotiBasu has shown how the Vermiwash produced from waste in being popularized as a means of organic farming for crop productivity and employment generation in remote area of West Bengal at the Border of Bangladesh. Various video clips of farmers using it and their effect on crops like potato were shown. A need was emphasized for the policy initiatives for assistance in the management of the quality control of the produce as well as for the small subsidy to get the boost up for its large scale commercialization and generation of local entrepreneurship. Currently his sale is 5000 liters per month with establishing the network in five districts.

Wairokpam Premi Devi a Ph.D. student from central university of Gujarat had a presentation on Innovations in the Food Processing Industry: Ethnography of Bamboo Shoot in Manipur. She has shown the human and non-human interventions in promoting the bamboo shoots for food processing. The study was based on Actor Network Theory (ANT) to show the analytical evidences of heterogeneous network of human and non-human interventions. It was shown that all actors in the value chain is structuring one problem. The details of OPP (obstacle problem for processing) were explained. It was an attempt to explore the linkage of various actors in the innovation process of bamboo shoots.

Mr. Tapas K Giri from IIM Shilong had presented the various uses of Bamboo. “Bamboo and innovation for biodiversity conservation and sustainability in the North East India”. The data shows that 66% of the total bamboo production of the country is in north east. 39% of the total forest area of the country comprises of bamboo. Of the total bamboo available in the country 85 % are in the forest land and 15% are in the private land. Despite the national bamboo mission program of the country the need for training for capacity building to use the large amount of available resources was badly felt.

P. Vivekanandan from SEVA, Tamil Nadu presented “How to Recognize the Role of Pastoralists / Livestock keepers in conservation of animal biodiversity”. His presentation has shown the pressing needs of policy intervention for
- Livestock keepers rights similar to PPVFRA
-Right to make breeding decision and breed the breed they maintain, including keeping bulls.
-shall have right to graze their animals (the act is there but there is no implementation of it )
-Training and capacity building facility for livestock keepers
-National award to livestock people to continue to keep and breed.
He has shown how he is involved with the conservation of livestock from 2009 onwards. Examples of Kasargod, Sahiwal cattle breed was shown. He has shown the improvement of milk production in Kasargod up to 12 liters. It has shown that if the facility was given or initiatives were taken any characters of improvements can be introduced in local breeds too. Also shown the example of affordabilty for the conservation of the Kharai camel of Kuchch.
-          There should be national award for community conservation of livestock.

Dr. Vivek Kumar from NIF Ahmedabad had given a presentation on “Is all TK is community knowledge”. The initiatives of HBN to collect and disseminate the plant based knowledge was shared. NIF has 1.3 lacs of local plant based knowledge resources.  National register, methods of documentation, shodhyatra, shodhsankal, S & D through students, Fellowships for students, Science clubs in schools and colleges, PIC and village knowledge register was discussed in detail. An example (Sakrabhai – Bloat) was shown and entire value chain in context with local knowledge, conservation, plants used by him and in the state for this remedy by local community was shown. Village meeting to discuss the plant and their uses was highlighted for awareness building for conservation.

Dr. S Ragupathy from Biodiversity Institute of Ontario gave a detailed presentation on  “DNA barcoding in context of conservation and protection of biocultural diversity/local knowledge”. He showed the entire Barcoding programme of BIO for making a catalogue of world biodiversity. The need of such a barcode catalogue to maintain the identity of resources with their characteristic local uses was discussed. Out of 1.75 million species recorded, of which 2.3 lacs are estimated to be 2.0 lacs more. 10 % of them are in red data. Till date 54, 836 DNA barcode of plants were made by BIO. Ethnobotany genomics and cryptic ethnobotany was explained. An example of plant sycophans“Swnaipullu” was given which is a snake indicator. The plant is a good snake shelter, it generates heat. The use of DNA barcode data for pile sorting & information consensus analysis was informed. It has helped in species nova.

How do Irulas identify the plants; example, methodology and habitat was explained. Sterbulus asper Lour a tree of Assam (an ancient tree mentioned in Ayurvedic pharmacopeia) is used for diabetes. The same plant of South India is morphologically tiny and containing less apiole compared to Assam. DNA barcoding has helped in NHP authentication, respective vouchering of growing genera, herbal products certification etc.
BIO’s Life Scanner programme is ongoing which is assisting in developing DNA barcode at doorstep by following NBA guideline. It is a new tool for biodiversity application.

The session on BDV had shown the cutting edge technology & its application ; identified the gaps in food processing; shown the assessing the medicinal plants knowledge & uses by the community / local people and highlighted the needs of policy initiative for the local livestock their breeding and breeding rights. Use of available resources for the local value addition and enterprise generation was felt.

Session 3        Wing-11, Committee Room    14.00 – 15.30
Design for Making a Difference (D-MAD-1): Devising Sustainable Solutions for Low Income Communities

Chair:              Shashi Buluswar         Executive Director, Institute for Globally                                                                              Transformative Technology, Lawrence Berkeley 
National Lab, Berkeley, USA
Co-Chair:        Amos Winter               Faculty, Dept. of Mechanical Engg., MIT, USA
Discussant:     Chintan Vaishnav        Faculty, MIT, USA

The report on this session identifies additional information to the published abstract

Design for Multiple Life Cycles: A teaching-learning pedagogy for designing products for multiple life cycles by Amaltas Khan & Puneet Tandon (IIITDMJ)
An example was discussed to highlight the value of this approach for rooting students in the value of sustainability and resource efficiency, and possibly as a means for communicating design knowledge to the user

Between open hardware and grassroots innovation: The case of the Global Village Construction Set by Justin Pickard, STEPS Centre& Georgina Voss, SPRU, University of Sussex

Green Technology for Clean Pond by Pradeep Sane, Manager (Industrial Engineering) ONGC, Vadodara.  A very interesting solution to a problem which ostensibly seemed to be about controlling the dumping of waste around ponds, but in fact the more important cause of the stagnant pond was algae.

Low Income Communities and Crowd Design: An Approach for Problem Scouting by Aguinaldo dos Santos Federal University of Paraná, Brazil
The presentation included a very interesting discussion on the appropriate use of five approaches to design on a continuum form designer centred to user centred through immersion by the designer.

Design, Development and Implementation of First Flush System by Sourabh Bhati* & Rajiv Gupta**  BITS, Pilani, Raj
Professor Ravi described this project of rainwater harvesting first funded by the World Bank in 2003 and now covers 6 villages.  In general discussion he highlighted the importance of rainwater as a resource, and the renting of roofs for water harvesting could be a source of income. The specific problem he discussed was how to divert the first flush of rainwater which is highly contaminated.

Eco-friendly toilets for sustainable world by V V Rangarao and G. Shankar Narayan, architect student
Mr Rangarao has developed a natural stone slab material from quarry waste (US patented) which has many uses.  He discussed how he had developed a design for constructing toilets that can be put up in 6 hours by two workers, with additional materials sourced locally.  The whole project can be managed by a local stone mason at a low cost.

Design education: empirical investigations of design theory in practice in specific context by Dipanka Boruah &Dr Amarendra Kumar Das, IIT, Guwahati
The case of a pomegranate de-seeder was discussed to illustrate the problems of developing a grassroots innovation into a mass market product, during which the grassroots innovator may become disheartened as the professional processes of CAD, fab lab, and marketing inputs change some of the characteristics of the original invention.
Cricket Ground, IIM, Old Campus  16.00  – 18.00
Exhibition of Innovations and Poster Presentation

Kumar Manish ‏@kumarmanish9

Loved the way #iccig3  exhibition area has been designed/displayed using wood, bamboo, & other waste products. #iima

RJMCEI Auditorium               18.30  – 20.30

Evolution of Grassroots Inclusive Innovation Movement: Milestones and Challenges

Presentations by Professor Gupta and Dr Vipin Kumar, NIF included video film about the Honey Bee Network and the work of the National Innovation Foundation.

Overseas delegates were invited to make a statement or comment – delegates from Russia, Pakistan, South Africa, Nigeria, Bhutan and Brazil contributed.

Twitter feed #iccig3 at 6pm

"An innovator is someone who doesn't know it cannot be done" Dr RA Mashelkar #iccig3

Rakesh Patel ‏@gitansh2007  • 5h5 hours ago   Ahmadabad City, Gujarat  
Li Weian from #China about University students accelerating the incubation of grassroots innovation #ICCIG3

techpedia ‏@techpedia_in  • 5h5 hours ago 
Universities can play an important role  in promoting Grassroots Innovation - #Li #Weian #ICCIG3 @anilgb #GRI

anilgupta ‏@anilgb  • 5h5 hours ago 
Renu shares the biotech ecosystem in india and find scope for students to set up start ups #iccig3

anilgupta ‏@anilgb  • 5h5 hours ago 
Renu shares the biotech ecosystem in india and find scope for students to set up start ups #iccig3

Blanca Herrero ‏@BlancaHerrero1  • 5h5 hours ago 
Passion and compassion Head and Heart in/at/fir #socialinnovation #iccig3

Arul George Scaria ‏@arulscaria  • 2h2 hours ago   Ahmadabad City, Gujarat  
Amazing to hear and learn frm the young #GYTI award winners. Thght provoking quesfrmProf.Shailendra Mehta #ICCIG3

sanket ‏@sanketg29  • 2h2 hours ago 
Only indigenous people will have knowledge of wild species - s Ragupathy #ICCIG3

Kumar Manish ‏@kumarmanish9  • 52m52 minutes ago 
Every single university in #Brazil has an incubation centre, not by design but it is market demand - Aguinaldo, Prof from #Brazil at #iccig3

Rakesh Patel ‏@gitansh2007  • 2m2 minutes ago   Ahmadabad City, Gujarat  
Some friends ask 4 our #blog address:  @anilgb @techpedia_in @lazysagy @rameshmashelkar make it reach 2 all at #ICCIG3


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